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ContraculturaAlternative Arts and Social Transformation in Authoritarian Brazil$
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Christopher Dunn

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469628516

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628516.001.0001

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Masculinity Left to Be Desired

Masculinity Left to Be Desired

(p.175) 5 Masculinity Left to Be Desired

Christopher Dunn

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter Five explores social and cultural practices that challenged traditional conventions of gender and sexuality in Brazilian society. In the late 1970s, emergent feminist and gay movements succeeded in expanding the range of leftist political debates to include discussions around gender roles, sexual desire, corporal pleasure, and other issues previously regarded as personal or private and therefore outside the realm of the political. These activists sought to link political repression to diverse forms of sexual repression such as the maintenance of male dominated gender relations, the policing of female sexuality, or the violent suppression of homosexuality. Here the author draws on the alternative press, especially the largest gay journal Lampião da Esquina. He examines here the influential work by performers who subverted gender norms, like former tropicalists Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil, the gender-bending troupe Dzi Croquettes, and gay icon Ney Matogrosso. The author also discusses left-wing intellectuals, including former guerillas such as Fernando Gabeira, who sought to redefine notions of masculinity during the final phase of military rule.

Keywords:   Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Ney Matogrosso, Dzi Croquettes, Fernando Gabeira, Lampião da Esquina, Gay movement, Masculinity

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