Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Land Was OursHow Black Beaches Became White Wealth in the Coastal South$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Andrew W. Kahrl

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469628721

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628721.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 June 2021

A Sanctuary by the Sea

A Sanctuary by the Sea

(p.52) 2 A Sanctuary by the Sea
Land Was Ours

Andrew W. Kahrl

University of North Carolina Press

Focusing on the history of the Methodist Church’s Gulfside Assembly in Waveland, Mississippi, the chapter shows how seaside land ownership and development acquired a spiritual dimension and became integral to separate black institutional development under Jim Crow. In 1923, the African American Methodist Bishop Robert E. Jones acquired 300 acres of real estate along the Gulf of Mexico for the purpose of developing a Chautauqua-style retreat for black Methodist congregations in the Deep South. Through its programs and activities, the Gulfside Assembly exemplified the tenets of black middle-class respectability and religiosity during this era. The founding of Gulfside coincided with a land boom along the Mississippi Gulf Coast, which, as the chapter shows, rendered it highly vulnerable to attack and forced removal. To hold onto the land and keep “the Gulfside Idea” (as its promoters called it) alive, the resort’s administrators outwardly accommodated Jim Crow and worked to forge mutually beneficial relationships with local white officials and businessmen. In tracing Gulfside’s struggle to claim its place along a changing coastline from the 1920s through the 1950s, the chapter also highlights an early stage of coastal capitalism in the South and examines its environmental impact.

Keywords:   Gulfside Assembly, Mississippi Gulf Coast, Methodist Episcopal Church, Land Development, Religion

North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .