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Two Faces of ExclusionThe Untold History of Anti-Asian Racism in the United States$
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Lon Kurashige

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469629438

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629438.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Before the Storm

Before the Storm

Race for Commercial Empire, 1846–1876

(p.14) 1 Before the Storm
Two Faces of Exclusion

Lon Kurashige

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter addresses U.S. policies furthering expansion to the Pacific Coast in order to establish the nation as a Pacific commercial power through trade with China. Such policies gave rise to an increasingly intense debate over the admission of Chinese immigrants. Led by Senator and then Secretary of State William Seward, Republicans maintained liberal immigration policies for the Chinese, especially through the Burlingame Treaty (1868). While leaders from California and other western states called for but were unable to gain national support for Chinese exclusion, they were able to prevent the naturalization of Chinese immigrants.

Keywords:   William Seward, Burlingame Treaty, China trade, Westward expansion, Chinese exclusion, Chinese immigrants

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