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Reparation and ReconciliationThe Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education$
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Christi M. Smith

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469630687

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630687.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Education Follows the Flag

Education Follows the Flag

(p.29) Chapter Two Education Follows the Flag
Reparation and Reconciliation

Christi M. Smith

University of North Carolina Press

Why did integrated education generate so much interest after the Civil War? This chapter contextualizes the anti- caste movement and the postwar rush to launch a mass education system in the South. Integrationists argued that segregation— and maintaining two separate school systems— demanded an irrational and excessive cost. But by filling the void, charitable funds enabled this disparity. Benevolent organizations relieved Southern states of their responsibilities to enforce constitutional commitments to public education. This reliance on private largesse— whether through benevolent organizations or the capitalist philanthropy that followed in subsequent years— had profound consequences for the kind of education groups were able to access.

Keywords:   Anti-Caste movement, Racialized tutelage, land redistribution, philanthropy

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