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Reparation and ReconciliationThe Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education$
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Christi M. Smith

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469630687

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630687.001.0001

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From Cause to Common Charity

From Cause to Common Charity

Off-Campus Pressures

(p.102) Chapter Four From Cause to Common Charity
Reparation and Reconciliation

Christi M. Smith

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 4 explains how racial coeducation at Berea, Howard, and Oberlin was undermined when, for the first time, colleges began to compete with one another. As education for blacks and mountain whites was increasingly defined as “charity,” the colleges faced increasingly stiff competition for donations, as well as the attention of the AMA. Whereas students’ higher education choices had previously been organized around religious disciplines and familial legacies, by the mid-1880s a competitive field of higher education emerged. As the chapter shows, law, migration, and external organizations played important roles in diffusing particular models of higher education. In response to competition in this growing field, Berea, Howard, and Oberlin differentiated their positions to maintain resource streams while activating unique articulations of race, class, and gender.

Keywords:   integration, collegiate competition, postwar higher education, civil rights, migration, immigration, benevolent organization

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