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Reparation and ReconciliationThe Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education$
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Christi M. Smith

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469630687

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630687.001.0001

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A New Constituency for Berea

A New Constituency for Berea

(p.206) Chapter Seven A New Constituency for Berea
Reparation and Reconciliation

Christi M. Smith

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 7 chronicles the efforts of Berea’s leaders to construct Appalachians as a particular brand of poor whites, and without the stigma of the Confederacy attached to other Southern whites. By the mid-1880s, a new wave of benevolent agencies launched a new form of colleges designed for this newly categorized group— “mountain education.” The mountain education movement treated poor white Southerners as deserving of Northern philanthropic aid by arguing that class oppression could rival racial oppression. Here, competitive dynamics, as navigated by organizational leaders, produced not only particular types of education but also consecrated groups of people.

Keywords:   mountain education, Berea College, redemption, Appalachia, “Outlaw” mountaineer

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