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Surrogate SuburbsBlack Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980$
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Todd M. Michney

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469631943

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631943.001.0001

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Expanding Black Settlement in the 1940s

Expanding Black Settlement in the 1940s

Glenville and Mount Pleasant

(p.59) 2 Expanding Black Settlement in the 1940s
Surrogate Suburbs

Todd M. Michney

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter follows Glenville and Mount Pleasant from World War II into the early post-war years. As increasing numbers of African Americans moved into these historically heavily-Jewish neighbourhoods, racial tensions escalated and the phenomenon of panic selling first emerged, even as upwardly mobile black buyers expressed satisfaction and hope at their expanded housing choices. Into the early post-war period, interracial community councils seeking to stabilize population turnover counter-mobilized against exclusionary white homeowners’ associations attempting to choke off black housing access. Jewish residents were more active in these interracial neighbourhood mobilizations, but at the same time Jews departed for the suburbs at above-average rates, to the point where their demographic and institutional presence had diminished to an insignificant point by 1950.

Keywords:   World War II, Race relations, Jewish Americans, Housing, Neighbourhood activism

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