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Surrogate SuburbsBlack Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980$
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Todd M. Michney

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469631943

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631943.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Zoning, Development, and Residential Access

Zoning, Development, and Residential Access

Lee-Miles in the 1950s and 1960s

(p.97) 3 Zoning, Development, and Residential Access
Surrogate Suburbs

Todd M. Michney

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter shifts focus to Cleveland’s far south-eastern corner to probe the origins of the Lee-Seville enclave, investigating several land development battles that materialized between and among black and white residents, as more upwardly mobile African American families moved to the vicinity after World War II. Despite being united in opposition to public housing, black homeowners fought to preserve vacant land for residential use, while whites attempted to hamper African American influx through zoning changes enabling industrial projects. The topics of black contractors and builders are covered, as well as the emergence by the late 1950s of white developers willing to build for African American clients, along with how African Americans successfully navigated white opposition to gain access to the quasi-suburban Lee-Harvard neighbourhood. The first black family’s move there in 1953 was effectively mediated by the city’s Community Relations Board and personally by the mayor himself – in contrast to Detroit and Chicago where city leaders deferred to white prejudice.

Keywords:   Zoning, Homeownership, Public housing, Building trades, Racial prejudice

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