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Surrogate SuburbsBlack Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980$
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Todd M. Michney

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469631943

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631943.001.0001

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(p.256) Epilogue
Surrogate Suburbs

Todd M. Michney

University of North Carolina Press

By the mid-1970s, upwardly mobile middle-class African Americans were increasingly departing neighbourhoods like Glenville, Mount Pleasant, and Lee-Harvard for a number of nearby bona fide suburbs. As a result, such former “surrogate suburbs” began to lose their lustre, although a core (generally elderly), home-owning black middle class still remains in these outlying city neighbourhoods to this day. Starting in the 1990s, Cleveland experienced a wave of predatory lending that culminated in the 2008 foreclosure crisis. Although middle class blacks in Cleveland as elsewhere have been disproportionately impacted by this trend, they have continued their historic strategy of outward geographic mobility in search of acceptable living conditions, even to the farthest metropolitan limits.

Keywords:   Black suburbanization, Predatory lending, Foreclosure, Upward mobility, Urban sprawl

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