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Surrogate Suburbs – Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980 - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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Surrogate Suburbs: Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980

Todd M. Michney


The story of white flight and the neglect of black urban neighbourhoods has been well told by urban historians in recent decades. Yet much of this scholarship has downplayed black agency and tended to portray African Americans as victims of structural forces beyond their control. In this history of Cleveland's black middle class, Todd Michney uncovers the creative ways that members of this nascent community established footholds in areas outside the overcrowded, inner-city neighbourhoods to which most African Americans were consigned. In asserting their right to these outer-city spaces, Afri ... More

Keywords: Black middle class, African Americans, Agency, Upward mobility, Homeownership, Neighbourhoods, Race relations, Jewish Americans, Suburbanization

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9781469631943
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2017 DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631943.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Todd M. Michney, author
Georgia Institute of Technology