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Archives of DispossessionRecovering the Testimonios of Mexican American Herederas, 1848-1960$
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Karen R. Roybal

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469633824

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633824.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Mexican American Women’s Alternative Archive

Mexican American Women’s Alternative Archive

Linking Testimonio, Memory, and History

(p.25) One Mexican American Women’s Alternative Archive
Archives of Dispossession

Karen R. Roybal

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the ways in which the U.S. government created an alternative archive when it recorded Mexicanas/os' voices in the "official" record during land grant adjudication proceedings in the mid- to late nineteenth century. The testimonio of landowner María Cleofas Bóne de López serves as a prime focus in the chapter to emphasize the ways in which marriage to Mexican women was one way that both Anglo and Mexican men gained access to and amassed material property. Through this and other key cases, the chapter emphasizes that males' land ownership was often predicated on relationships to and with Mexican women and the ways Mexican men were effeminized within the U.S. legal system. The depositions serve as testimonials to the integral role of gender in the history of property ownership and dispossession.

Keywords:   Land adjudication, material property, marriage, alternative archive, landowner, depositions, U.S. legal system, Effeminate, official

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