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The Battle of Peach Tree CreekHood's First Effort to Save Atlanta$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634197

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634197.001.0001

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Across the Chattahoochee, July 17–18

Across the Chattahoochee, July 17–18

(p.17) 2 Across the Chattahoochee, July 17–18
The Battle of Peach Tree Creek

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

On July 17, Sherman moved all of his troops to the south side of the Chattahoochee River and marched on Atlanta, with James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee moving the longest distance to reach Decatur east of Atlanta and tear up the Georgia Railroad as it advanced toward the city. This cut one of the three railroads Johnston relied on to feed his army in Atlanta. George H. Thomas' Army of the Cumberland had the shortest route to march, crossing the Chattahoochee near its junction with Peach Tree Creek, moving to Buck Head, and then marching south toward Atlanta. John M. Schofield's Army of the Ohio tried to fill in the distance between those two forces. As the Federals advanced with minor skirmishing against a screen of Confederate cavalry, Davis decided to relieve Johnston of command and elevate John Bell Hood to replace him. Hood, taken by surprise, tried to convince Davis to change his mind or at least postpone the change in commanders but the Confederate president refused to do so. Hood finally assumed his new command on July 18 and tried to prepare the Army of Tennessee to meet Sherman's advance.

Keywords:   Chattahoochee River, Jefferson Davis, John Bell Hood, Joseph E. Johnston, William T. Sherman, Georgia Railroad, Atlanta, Peach Tree Creek

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