With 2,500 Confederates and 1,900 Federals killed, wounded, and missing in the Battle of Peach Tree Creek, the first task for the victorious Unionists was to clean up the battlefield. Details collected the wounded of both sides, finding at least one woman soldier who had been disguised as a man lying injured on the field and wearing a Confederate uniform. Details also buried the dead of both sides either in single graves or in communal trenches. All manner of debris from discarded clothing to abandoned battle flags, small arms, and personal equipment littered the field. Several Federal surgeons described in detail the process of taking care of both Union and Confederate wounded for days following the battle at Peach Tree Creek and many personal stories of survival can be found in the letters, diaries, memoirs, and unit histories of the men and regiments engaged in the fight. The deaths of soldiers affected entire families back home in the North and South, and many wounded men who survived the battle carried the effects of their injuries for the rest of their lives, sometimes perishing of the after effects of a battlefield wound decades later.
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