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The Battle of Peach Tree CreekHood's First Effort to Save Atlanta$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634197

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634197.001.0001

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(p.233) Conclusion
The Battle of Peach Tree Creek

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

The battle of Peach Tree Creek was the largest tactical offensive mounted by the Army of Tennessee since the battle of Chickamauga ten months before. Soldier morale was depressed by the loss of their beloved commander, Joseph E. Johnson. While most men had no real opinion of John Bell Hood, they knew that the army would now take the offensive. Many Confederates were reluctant to close with the enemy on July 20. Hardee's Corps failed to press home its advantage of manpower over John Newton's division. At least one third of Winfield S. Featherston's Brigade refused to accompany their comrades in pressing home the assault against William T. Ward's division. More or the less the same was true along the rest of the battle line. In contrast, most Federals fought with determination that day. Hood also developed an attack plan that was too complicated as he struggled to master the complexities of army level command. Efforts to preserve and mark the battlefield for posterity were mounted after the war, especially in the 1930s, but they mostly failed and the battlefield largely has been consumed by the explosive growth of Atlanta in the twentieth century.

Keywords:   John Bell Hood, Joseph E. Johnston, morale, Battle of Peach Tree Creek, Battlefield Preservation, Winfield S. Featherston, John Newton

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