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Searching for SubversivesThe Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America$
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Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634340

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

The Legal and Political History of Italian Immigrants in the United States before 1941

The Legal and Political History of Italian Immigrants in the United States before 1941

(p.12) Chapter One The Legal and Political History of Italian Immigrants in the United States before 1941
Searching for Subversives

Mary Elizabeth

Basile Chopas

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 1 traces the evolution in Italians’ social, political, and economic status in the United States, beginning with the effects of early twentieth-century immigration law, and conveys how their integration into American society influenced wartime policies. This chapter argues that Italians’ progression in the labor market coincided with their changing racial identity and white consciousness, but that political involvement was more instrumental in raising the public perception of Italians. This chapter also explains how the FBI built a domestic intelligence program through the collection of information about subversive individuals or organizations several years before U.S. involvement in World War II. A joint agreement in July 1941 between the War Department and the Justice Department established policy for handling suspicious persons of enemy nations residing in the United States.

Keywords:   immigration, integration, social, political, and economic status, labor market, racial identity, white consciousness, FBI, domestic intelligence program, subversive individuals or organizations

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