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Searching for SubversivesThe Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America$
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Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634340

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

The Face of Selective Internment and the Impact of Other Wartime Restrictions

The Face of Selective Internment and the Impact of Other Wartime Restrictions

(p.41) Chapter Two The Face of Selective Internment and the Impact of Other Wartime Restrictions
Searching for Subversives

Mary Elizabeth

Basile Chopas

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 2 provides a social profile of the 343 Italian civilian internees. Persons who held leadership roles in their communities or possessed special knowledge that could be used against the United States were most feared by the government. This chapter traces the debate among President Roosevelt and his advisors, the War Department, the Justice Department, and legislative committees about whether to evacuate the entire population of Italian aliens from military areas. Italian American politicians and prominent members of the Italian community testified to the loyalty of their community toward the United States. Finally, this chapter shows the distinct variation in the military defense commands’ interpretation of Executive Order 9066 regarding the protection of military areas and policies of individual exclusion and restrictions upon enemy aliens, and explains the factors that resulted in stricter restrictions in the Western Defense Command as compared to those in the Eastern Defense Command.

Keywords:   social profile, Italian civilian internees, President Roosevelt, War Department, Justice Department, Legislative committees, Executive Order 9066, individual exclusion, Western Defense Command, Eastern Defense Command

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