The conclusion emphasizes that Italians were detained by the INS under the alien enemy program and interned in far fewer numbers than Germans and Japanese, despite their much greater population size, and were removed from alien enemy status sooner. Yet, as documented through personal stories in this final chapter, while World War II generally strengthened Italians’ increasing identification as Americans, the wartime experiences of internees slowed their assimilation processes by narrowing job prospects and tarnishing their reputations in their former communities. Families affected by internment and other wartime restrictions did not discuss their experiences after the war because of the shame associated with the memories and confusion over what their loved ones had done wrong.
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