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Searching for SubversivesThe Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America$
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Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634340

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021



(p.133) Conclusion
Searching for Subversives

Mary Elizabeth

Basile Chopas

University of North Carolina Press

The conclusion emphasizes that Italians were detained by the INS under the alien enemy program and interned in far fewer numbers than Germans and Japanese, despite their much greater population size, and were removed from alien enemy status sooner. Yet, as documented through personal stories in this final chapter, while World War II generally strengthened Italians’ increasing identification as Americans, the wartime experiences of internees slowed their assimilation processes by narrowing job prospects and tarnishing their reputations in their former communities. Families affected by internment and other wartime restrictions did not discuss their experiences after the war because of the shame associated with the memories and confusion over what their loved ones had done wrong.

Keywords:   alien enemy program, Germans, Japanese, alien enemy status, World War II, identification as Americans, job prospects, reputations, wartime experiences, assimilation

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