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Place of StoneDighton Rock and the Erasure of America's Indigenous Past$
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Douglas Hunter

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634401

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634401.001.0001

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Colonization’s New Epistemology

Colonization’s New Epistemology

American Archaeology and the Road to the Trail of Tears

(p.112) Chapter Five Colonization’s New Epistemology
Place of Stone

Douglas Hunter

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes the rise of scientific American archaeology in the early nineteenth century and its role in the justification of westward colonization and displacement of Indigenous people. Theorists construct two competing migrations: the transatlantic Gothicist one out of Northern Europe that is colonizing America, and the pre-Contact one of Tartars that arrived in America to displace the superior Mound Builders. American colonization is defended as a just displacing of Native Americans, who had previously displaced the Mound Builders. President Andrew Jackson relies on this scenario in 1830 in arguing for his forced removal policy that will cause the deaths of thousands of Cherokee and other tribes on the Trail of Tears in 1838

Keywords:   archaeology, mound builders, Gothicism, Andrew Jackson, colonization, Trail of Tears

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