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Claiming Turtle Mountain's ConstitutionThe History, Legacy, and Future of a Tribal Nation's Founding Documents$
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Keith, Jr. Richotte

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634517

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634517.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Ten-Cent Treaty

The Ten-Cent Treaty

(p.68) Chapter Four The Ten-Cent Treaty
Claiming Turtle Mountain's Constitution

Keith Richotte Jr.

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter four identifies how the negotiations for a treaty substitute exposed the cracks within the community and disrupted the leadership structure at Turtle Mountain, while the treaty substitute itself further established grounds for a claim against the federal government. In 1892 the federal government sent a commission to negotiate with the people of Turtle Mountain for unceded lands. This commission chose with whom to negotiate, stacking the deck for itself and disrupting the leadership structure within the community. The subsequent treaty substitute, derisively nicknamed the Ten-Cent Treaty, for its paltry payment, stalled in Washington D.C. for a dozen years before finally being ratified by Congress. Tribal discontent with the Ten-Cent Treaty was the next major step in the road to a claim against the federal government and the constitution.

Keywords:   Little Shell, John Bottineau, Porter J. McCumber, Ten-Cent Treaty, Ghost Dance, Turtle Mountain Star, Dunseith Herald, Red Thunder, Committee of 32, Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

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