Chapter five articulates the aftermath of the establishment of the reservation and treaty substitute, the difficult conditions on the reservation and elsewhere, the myriad ways the people of Turtle Mountain were subject to coercion and continued threat, and the ways in which members of the community responded to the conditions in which they found themselves. Focusing on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this chapter details the Allotment Era of federal Indian policy and its effects at Turtle Mountain. Two major issues emerged on and around the reservation at this time: enrolment and allotment. The treaty and reservation history forced the community to engage with increasingly difficult questions about who belonged and who had access to the land. These difficulties exacerbated the circumstances that eventually led to the constitution.
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