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Claiming Turtle Mountain's ConstitutionThe History, Legacy, and Future of a Tribal Nation's Founding Documents$
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Keith, Jr. Richotte

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634517

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634517.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Aftermath

The Aftermath

(p.89) Chapter Five The Aftermath
Claiming Turtle Mountain's Constitution

Keith Richotte Jr.

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter five articulates the aftermath of the establishment of the reservation and treaty substitute, the difficult conditions on the reservation and elsewhere, the myriad ways the people of Turtle Mountain were subject to coercion and continued threat, and the ways in which members of the community responded to the conditions in which they found themselves. Focusing on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this chapter details the Allotment Era of federal Indian policy and its effects at Turtle Mountain. Two major issues emerged on and around the reservation at this time: enrolment and allotment. The treaty and reservation history forced the community to engage with increasingly difficult questions about who belonged and who had access to the land. These difficulties exacerbated the circumstances that eventually led to the constitution.

Keywords:   allotment, enrolment, tribal rolls, Canadian, off-reservation, Voight v. Bruce, tribal court, tribal police, superintendents

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