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Claiming Turtle Mountain's ConstitutionThe History, Legacy, and Future of a Tribal Nation's Founding Documents$
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Keith, Jr. Richotte

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634517

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634517.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Constitution

The Constitution

(p.123) Chapter Seven The Constitution
Claiming Turtle Mountain's Constitution

Keith Richotte Jr.

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter seven details the adoption of the superintendent’s constitution, the various groups vying for power at the time, and the community’s reaction and decision on the Indian Reorganization Act. By the early 1930’s the people of Turtle Mountain had been pursuing a claim against the federal government for decades. At the end of the Allotment Era, the federal government presented the community with a constitution that functioned less a governing document and more a tool to perpetuate control over tribal governance through the federal government. While many in the community recognized the deficiencies in the proposed constitution they nonetheless were led to believe that the constitution was a mandatory step toward a claim. Choosing the claim more than the constitution itself, Turtle Mountain ratified the proposed document. When the Indian Reorganization Act presented an alternative, the people of Turtle Mountain rejected it in fear of the consequences for the claim.

Keywords:   constitution, Robert Bruce, Indian Reorganization Act, John Collier, Advisory Committee, Turtle Mountain Co-Operative Association, Lynn Frazier, Indian Tribal Councils Act, John A. Stormon, Francis J. Scott

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