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The Herds Shot Round the WorldNative Breeds and the British Empire, c. 1800-1900$
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Rebecca J. H. Woods

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634661

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634661.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

A Universal Type

A Universal Type

Chapter:
(p.140) Chapter Five A Universal Type
Source:
The Herds Shot Round the World
Author(s):

Rebecca J. H. Woods

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634661.003.0006

This chapter addresses the wholesale exportation of Hereford cattle to North and South America, Australia, and New Zealand in the 1870s as part of a concerted effort to feed Britons with “British” meat bred and raised abroad, and returned to the metropole as frozen meat. In their enthusiasm to profit from foreign demand for British stock, Hereford breeders allowed their (quasi-)colonial competitors to establish their own reservoirs of the breed’s genetic potential. After American breeders severed ties with their British counterparts over the lack of stringency in English pedigrees, these two branches of the bovine family tree developed in isolation. While English Herefords increasingly gained status as a national breed, shedding their regional association with the county of Hereford for a perceived Britishness, Herefords in America became a new, quasi-colonial “native” breed, much like New Zealand’s Corriedale breed of sheep.

Keywords:   Hereford cattle, Meat, Refrigeration, “native” breed, pedigree breeding

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