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Funding FeminismMonied Women, Philanthropy, and the Women's Movement, 1870-1967$
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Joan Marie Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634692

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634692.001.0001

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Unequal Women Working for Women’s Equality

Unequal Women Working for Women’s Equality

Power and Resentment in the Woman Suffrage Movement

Chapter:
(p.50) Chapter Two Unequal Women Working for Women’s Equality
Source:
Funding Feminism
Author(s):

Joan Marie Johnson

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634692.003.0003

Chapter 2 demonstrates how having money at their disposal (or a lack of it) affected suffrage association officers’ ability to make decisions about where and how to carry out the suffrage campaign. It also allowed for the development of new tactics and strategies alongside traditional methods. This chapter posits that gifts from wealthy women, including Mrs. Frank Leslie’s million-dollar bequest, paid for organizers to travel to the states to campaign at the state level; initiated a publicity blitz, including newspapers and parades; and financed the “winning plan” that combined state-level efforts with a focus on the federal amendment, ultimately leading to passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. It offers a new way to understand the split between the two major suffrage associations by focusing on the role of money and conflict between Katharine McCormick and Alice Paul over fundraising. The chapter also examines the conflict that developed when funding disproportionately came from a small number of wealthy individuals. Donors like Alva Belmont tied their gifts to demands, such as who should hold office and where headquarters should be located, causing resentment of money power in the movement.

Keywords:   Alva Belmont, woman suffrage, wealthy women, money power, Katharine McCormick, Alice Paul

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