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Funding FeminismMonied Women, Philanthropy, and the Women's Movement, 1870-1967$
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Joan Marie Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469634692

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634692.001.0001

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Using Mammon for Righteousness

Using Mammon for Righteousness

Funding Coeducation through Coercive Philanthropy

(p.139) Chapter Five Using Mammon for Righteousness
Funding Feminism

Joan Marie Johnson

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 5 explores what happened when women approached existing coeducational schools offering restricted gifts to benefit women. These donations either forced a school to open its doors to women or increased the number of women admitted by providing scholarships for women or erecting a women’s building or a women’s dormitory. Like the college founders, these donors believed that women were capable of the same intellectual achievement as men but found that many of America’s best universities resisted coeducation. The women in this chapter, including Mary Garrett, and Phoebe Hearst and the gifts they gave show how money could be wielded to force changes that would benefit women, in the form of access to education and professions formerly restricted to men. Moreover, coeducation at these schools, including Johns Hopkins, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of California, Berkeley, was especially significant. If women were welcomed at these important institutions, they could demonstrate their intellectual and professional capabilities and equality with men.

Keywords:   Mary Garrett, Johns Hopkins, Medical School, coeducation, philanthropy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Phoebe Hearst

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