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Religion as CritiqueIslamic Critical Thinking from Mecca to the Marketplace$
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Irfan Ahmad

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469635095

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635095.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 24 January 2020

The State

The State

(In)dispensable, Desirable, Revisable?

(p.120) 5 The State
Religion as Critique

Irfan Ahmad

University of North Carolina Press

Combining “contextual studies” by anthropologists and “textual studies” by humanists, Chapter 5 discusses comprehensive critiques of Maududi’s understandings of the state. It focuses on critiques by “traditional” former Jamaat members: Manzur Nomani, Vahiduddin Khan, and Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi as well as critiques by five “modern” Jamaat sympathizers. The aim is not simply to show that individuals critique Maududi but to equally demonstrate how critique is undertaken. How ideas, types of knowledge, forms of authority, language capacity, motivations, the (un)sayable, notions about private and public, hair style, readings of past and future, tears, joy, and much else inform and are played out in the enterprise of critique. That is, critique is connected to a form of life. Critics of Maududi are ambivalent, however. Some agree with the spirit of Maududi’s critical enterprise, but find its relevance skewed in the future. Others differentiate universalist Maududi from nationalist Maududi, to extend the former to encompass concerns and aspirations of humanity beyond the divides of faith and ethnicity. For such critics, Maqāṣid al-sharīʿā, among others, is the medium to pursue such a universalism. Yet others continue to underline the relevance of his ideas for a state by re-interpreting him differently.

Keywords:   Amir Usmani, Caliphate, Democracy, Sadruddin Islahi, Malinowski, Maqāṣid al-sharīʿā, Pakistan, Sufism, Tajallī, Universalism

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