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Raising Government ChildrenA History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State$
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Catherine E. Rymph

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469635644

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Into the Family Life of Strangers

Into the Family Life of Strangers

The Origins of Foster Family Care

(p.17) Chapter 1 Into the Family Life of Strangers
Raising Government Children

Catherine E. Rymph

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter surveys the origins of foster care in earlier methods for supporting dependent children dating back to the colonial period, including indenture, orphanages, “placing out” (also known as orphan trains), boarding out, and adoption. It attends to the racial and religious aspects of these systems and to the relationship between private and public systems of child welfare. The chapter also discusses the importance of the professionalization of the child welfare field in the early twentieth century, particularly the creation of the US Children’s Bureau and the Child Welfare League of America.

Keywords:   indenture, orphanages, orphan trains, boarding out, US Children’s Bureau, Child Welfare League of America, child welfare professionalization

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