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Chocolate CityA History of Race and Democracy in the Nation's Capital$
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Chris Myers Asch and George Derek Musgrove

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469635866

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635866.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Emancipate, Enfranchise, Educate

Emancipate, Enfranchise, Educate

Freedom and the Hope of Interracial Democracy, 1862–1869

(p.119) Five Emancipate, Enfranchise, Educate
Chocolate City

Chris Myers Asch

George Derek Musgrove

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes a time of tremendous upheaval and transformation in the city. During the Civil War and Reconstruction, Washington was a “Yankee City” on the leading edge of racial change in America. Thousands of former slaves migrated to D.C., joining white Radicals and educated black leaders to drive an ambitious experiment in biracial democracy. Because Congress wielded exclusive control over the city, Washington became a testing ground for Reconstruction legislation, including freedmen’s relief, black men’s suffrage, and public education. Black men won the right to vote, black leaders won elected office citywide, black workers gained access to public and private sector jobs, black schools became national models, and city officials passed sweeping antidiscrimination laws. The nation’s capital, once a Southern bastion of slavery and the slave trade, was at the forefront of racial and political change.

Keywords:   Slavery, Emancipation, Migration, Radical Republicans, Civil War, Reconstruction, Suffrage

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