This chapter addresses the question of how LGBT activist groups impact Christian colleges and universities. Specifically, the chapter analyses the ways LGBT activist groups change campus policies, by pressuring their schools to adopt nondiscrimination policies inclusive of sexual orientation and gender identity, and campus climates, by working to create campuses where LGBT people can be open about their sexuality or gender identity without fear of bullying or harassment. The chapter shows that LGBT activist groups are most effective at changing campus policies and climates when they simultaneously engage in conversations about Christianity and LGBT rights and thus transform people’s understandings about what it means to be a Christian university, a Christian community, and an LGBT Christian. LGBT activist groups that avoid these conversations are less successful at creating change at their colleges and universities. The chapter draws on insights on social movements and culture to advance sociological theory on social movement outcomes.
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