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Criminalization of Black ChildrenRace, Gender, and Delinquency in Chicago's Juvenile Justice System, 1899-1945$
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Tera Eva Agyepong

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469636443

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636443.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Boundaries of Innocence

Boundaries of Innocence

Race, the Emergence of Cook County Juvenile Court, and Punitive Transitions

(p.38) Chapter Two Boundaries of Innocence
Criminalization of Black Children

Tera Eva Agyepong

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the way the juvenile court and its ancillary institutions—the Juvenile Detention Canter, Chicago Parental School, and Institute for Juvenile Research—handled black children’s cases. It also delineates the impact the disproportionate number of black children in juvenile court and an artificial inflation of the number of delinquent black children had on the evolution of juvenile justice law. The sympathetic public sentiment that made the Progressive juvenile justice movement viable had begun to wane by the 1930s. As a result, juvenile justice laws began to be more punitive, and the rehabilitative ideal began to be dismantled.

Keywords:   Black children, Chicago, juvenile justice system, Cook County Juvenile Court, Juvenile Detention Center, Chicago Parental School, Institute for Juvenile Research, Delinquency, punitive justice

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