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Criminalization of Black ChildrenRace, Gender, and Delinquency in Chicago's Juvenile Justice System, 1899-1945$
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Tera Eva Agyepong

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469636443

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636443.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 24 July 2021

Flight, Fright, and Freedom

Flight, Fright, and Freedom

Delinquency and the Construction of Black Masculinity at the Training School for Boys at St. Charles

Chapter:
(p.97) Chapter Four Flight, Fright, and Freedom
Source:
Criminalization of Black Children
Author(s):

Tera Eva Agyepong

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636443.003.0005

This chapter examines how demographic changes at the Illinois Training School for Boys at St. Charles were linked to a punitive turn in institutional policies and state juvenile confinement laws. When the number of African American boys at St. Charles increased over time as a result of migration and discrimination in charity institutions for children in Chicago, the institution’s staff members, state legislators, and residents in the surrounding communities refined their notion in discourse and in practice of what kind of boy St. Charles was intended to house. This hysteria eventually led the Illinois state legislature to mandate that the first maximum security prison for children in the history of the state be built for the “dangerous type of boy” whom the larger public believed was no longer suited for St. Charles.

Keywords:   Black children, black boys’ Chicago, juvenile justice system, Illinois Training School for Boys at St. Charles, State Reformatory at Sheridan, industrial schools, intersectionality, black masculinity, delinquency, maximum security prison

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