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Working in HollywoodHow the Studio System Turned Creativity into Labor$
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Ronny Regev

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469636504

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636504.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Bargaining

Bargaining

Chapter:
(p.165) Chapter Six Bargaining
Source:
Working in Hollywood
Author(s):

Ronny Regev

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636504.003.0007

The sixth chapter recounts the history of Hollywood collective bargaining. On a day-to-day basis, the American motion picture industry relied on its ability to balance a modern, rationalized production operation with a more unstructured creative process. However, in times of crisis, when the harmony was interrupted, the creative element was often surrendered. During the 1930s, the presidency of FDR, his New Deal policies, and the empowerment of organized labor throughout the U.S. had a significant influence on Hollywood. The chapter focuses on the rise of the Screen Writers Guild, the Screen Actors Guild, and the Screen Directors Guild, their struggles, the way they chose to pursue them, and the attitude embraced towards them by studio management. However, as is shown, while they borrowed tactics from industrial unions and appealed to the National Labor Relations Board, Hollywood creative employees aligned with traditional industrial labor causes only as long as it served their immediate goals.

Keywords:   National Labor Relations Board, New Deal, Screen Actors Guild, Screen Directors Guild, Screen Writers Guild, FDR

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