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Louis Austin and the Carolina TimesA Life in the Long Black Freedom Struggle$
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Jerry Gershenhorn

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469638768

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638768.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

The Gospel of the Sit-In

The Gospel of the Sit-In

Direct Action, 1960–1965

(p.153) Chapter Six The Gospel of the Sit-In
Louis Austin and the Carolina Times

Jerry Gershenhorn

University of North Carolina Press

During the 1960s, Austin lent his talents and his newspaper in support of the direct action movement in Durham and throughout the state. Unlike many other black leaders in the city, he immediately and enthusiastically embraced an early sit-in in Durham that began in 1957, three years before the more celebrated Greensboro lunch counter sit-ins. He also aided a boycott of white retail businesses that refused to hire black workers by publishing the names of those businesses in the Carolina Times. This strategy was quite effective in forcing white businesses to hire African Americans. Austin’s efforts and those of countless civil rights activists led to major freedom struggle successes with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Keywords:   Louis Austin, Carolina Times, Sit-in, North Carolina College, Martin Luther King Jr., Congress of Racial Equality, NAACP, voter registration, Terry Sanford

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