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Racial TaxationSchools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973$
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Camille Walsh

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469638942

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.001.0001

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We Are Taxpaying Citizens

We Are Taxpaying Citizens

Separate and Color-Blind

(p.49) Chapter Three We Are Taxpaying Citizens
Racial Taxation

Camille Walsh

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter Three shifts to state and local court cases in the early 20th century, many of which highlight the different unequal tax structures imposed in mandatory segregation states in the South. Whether separate taxation or supposedly "colorblind" taxation, this chapter argues that both of these systems were deployed by all-white school boards and excise boards to ensure that black schools received a tiny fraction of the resources due them and that in many cases African Americans were doubly taxed for the support of white schooling. Finally, this chapter examines the letters written to the NAACP in the 1920s and 1930s as well as news articles and speeches illustrating the importance of the taxpayer citizenship claim made by many African Americans in this period.

Keywords:   Colorblind, Taxation, African Americans, Courts, Segregation, NAACP, Double Taxation, Citizenship

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