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Racial TaxationSchools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973$
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Camille Walsh

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469638942

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.001.0001

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The White Man’s Tax Dollar

The White Man’s Tax Dollar

Segregationists and Backlash

(p.85) Chapter Five The White Man’s Tax Dollar
Racial Taxation

Camille Walsh

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter Five examines how the responses to Brown in defense of segregation were consistently framed in terms of "taxpayer" citizenship and the rights of whites to unequal and better funded schooling. In addition, this chapter identifies the tax-centric debate in Virginia in the era of massive resistance, and the private school/state action questions raised in the wake of Brown v. Board, including its impact on tax exempt institutions like Girard College in Philadelphia. This chapter builds on and combines the recently expanded historiography of the white backlash to the "long civil rights movement" by tracing the continuous assertion by segregationists of a legal identity as "taxpaying citizens." This rights claim drew deeply on the debate over whether taxation and education should facilitate equity or facilitate privilege and the use of the claim to "taxpayer" identity by segregationists anticipated the justification for racially unequal schools in decades to come.

Keywords:   Segregation, Tax Exempt, Public Schools, Taxpaying Citizens, Civil Rights Movement, Racial Inequality, Brown v. Board

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