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Racial TaxationSchools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973$
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Camille Walsh

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469638942

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.001.0001

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The Rich Richer and the Poor Poorer

The Rich Richer and the Poor Poorer

Intersectional Claims

(p.132) Chapter Seven The Rich Richer and the Poor Poorer
Racial Taxation

Camille Walsh

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter Seven illustrates the culmination of the tendencies toward combining demands for recognition of class and race based discrimination in the early 1970s. Among a series of other similar cases, San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez is a pivotal "taxpayer" case that shut the door on meaningful legal remedies for school inequality. The Rodriguez claimants were low-income children and families of color whose school district was dramatically unequal in comparison to the local, wealthy, white school district in the city. The Court, however, treated the claims of race and class discrimination that the claimants put forward as separate, and ignored the race claim in order to focus on class alone, which they dismissed as a category not entitled to constitutional protection. This chapter argues that the result of Rodriguez was directly tied to the idea that tax status -- and therefore taxable wealth -- was legitimately tied to educational rights and equality. The Court's decision provided an anticommunist rationale for school property tax funding inequality by defending capitalism, economic privacy and local fiscal control against the intersectional claims of race and class inequality.

Keywords:   Intersectionality, San Antonio v. Rodriguez, School Inequality, Racial Discrimination, Property Tax Funding, Taxpayer, Capitalism, Class, Race

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