Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
From Asylum to PrisonDeinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anne E. Parsons

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469640631

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Mental Hospitals and the Carceral State

Mental Hospitals and the Carceral State

Chapter:
(p.20) Chapter One Mental Hospitals and the Carceral State
Source:
From Asylum to Prison
Author(s):

Anne E. Parsons

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0002

This chapter explores how in the 1940s, mental hospitals comprised land, buildings, and workforces used by the states to feed and house hundreds of thousands of people. Conscientious objectors who did service work at mental hospitals in lieu of military conscription founded the National Mental Health Foundation. They also collaborated with journalists to craft exposés about concentration camp–like conditions in hospitals. The author and former patient Mary Jane Ward published her book The Snake Pit, in which she argued against the loss of freedom that people with mental illness experienced. Policy makers responded to this anti-institutionalism by implementing mental health reforms that made hospitals larger and more therapeutic, and kept involuntary commitments intact. These initiatives made up the early stages of deinstitutionalization.

Keywords:   anti-institutionalism, conscientious objectors, deinstitutionalization, involuntary commitment, Mary Jane Ward, mental health reform, mental hospitals, mental illness, National Mental Health Foundation

North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .