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Bernardo de GálvezSpanish Hero of the American Revolution$
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Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469640792

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640792.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019

New Spain

New Spain

Fighting the Apache

(p.21) 2. New Spain
Bernardo de Gálvez

Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter follows Bernardo de Gálvez’s first sojourn in America where he followed his uncle who was posted to the viceroyalty of New Spain (mainly today’s Mexico, Southwest of the United States and part of Central America) as visitador general (visitor general) in charge of conducting an inspection of all the branches of colonial administration as part of the so-called bourbon reforms. When his uncle fell seriously ill, Bernardo de Gálvez assumed his position as lieutenant, and afterwards as captain of the Presidiales, the American-born soldiers, fighting the Apaches who were conducting raids against Spanish settlements. Instead of succumbing to the warmongering attitudes prevalent in the region, he studied the Apaches’ culture, including their motivations for their attacks, concluding that a new Indian policy was needed in order to pacify the region. His report appeared under the title of Account and reflections on the current war against the Apache Indians in the provinces of New Spain is a mayor source for the Apaches’ culture and situation during the second-half of the eighteenth century.

Keywords:   Apaches, Spain’s Indian Policy in New Spain, Bourbon reforms

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