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Women at War in the Borderlands of the Early American Northeast$
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Gina M. Martino

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469640990

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640990.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 14 October 2019

Necessary to Abide

Necessary to Abide

Gendered Spheres and Spaces in New England’s Wars

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter One Necessary to Abide
Source:
Women at War in the Borderlands of the Early American Northeast
Author(s):

Gina M. Martino

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640990.003.0002

This chapter explores how colonists in seventeenth-century New England used gender ideologies about women’s roles as actors in public spheres to frame their understanding of women who fought in the region’s wars. The chapter explores this idea from three different angles. First, it examines how New England’s colonies incorporated women’s martial activities into their colonization strategy, sometimes even requiring women to remain in remote fortified towns, living in garrison houses that simultaneously served as military and household spaces. Second, it looks at how Native women participated in the region’s wars as leaders (sachems), spies, combatants, and in ritual torture. The chapter investigates how English politicians used their own concepts about women’s public roles to shape their ideas about Native female combatants. This section also features a case study of Weetamoo of the Pocasset, a prominent female sachem who died while leading an anti-colonial coalition in King Philip’s War (1675-76). Third, the chapter explores how English women attempted to shape military and colonial policy through mob violence.

Keywords:   Female combatants, Garrison houses, Public sphere, Mob violence, Female sachems, New England, King Philip’s War

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