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Organic ResistanceThe Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France$
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Venus Bivar

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469641188

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.001.0001

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The Industrial Ideal, 1944–1958

The Industrial Ideal, 1944–1958

(p.13) Chapter One The Industrial Ideal, 1944–1958
Organic Resistance

Venus Bivar

University of North Carolina Press

After the Second World War, the French Planning Office was tasked with two goals: short-term reconstruction and long-term economic modernization. At the heart of these two goals was the agricultural sector. In the short-term, getting agricultural back online would put a stop to rations; in the long-term, a competitive export-led farm sector would fix balance-of-payments deficits and fuel modernization in the secondary and tertiary sectors. Land use policy was key to agricultural modernization. In the early years of the postwar period, remembrement was the primary mechanism used to consolidate farms and improve productivity. To consolidate and increase the size of their holdings, farmers took on massive amounts of debt, betting that the new markets of European integration would improve their revenues. When it became clear that only a small handful of farmers would benefit from modernization, farm unions organized protests and the public media took notice of the "farm problem."

Keywords:   French Planning Office (Commissariat général du plan), Planification, Marshall Plan, Remembrement, European integration, The Farm Problem (le malaise paysan), Jean Monnet, Productivity, Common Agricultural Policy, Pierre Pflimlin

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