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The People of the RiverNature and Identity in Black Amazonia, 1835-1945$
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Oscar de la Torre

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469643243

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643243.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019

Citizens of Tauapará

Citizens of Tauapará

Landscape, Law, and Citizenship in the Senzalas, 1862–c. 1944

Chapter:
(p.95) Chapter Five Citizens of Tauapará
Source:
The People of the River
Author(s):

Oscar de la Torre

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643243.003.0006

Taking an oral tradition conveyed by a slave-descendant from the municipality of Vigia (Pará), this chapter argues that black peasants merged slavery-era traditions embedded in the landscape with discourses of legal access to landownership learned in freedom to form a single but multifaceted discourse of citizenship. It examines two processes. The first relates to the changes in the landscape that took place as the Campina sugar plantation became a farming community between 1862 and 1944. I discuss Campina's “golden age” as a slave plantation, the end of slavery in 1888, and the transition to free peasantry in the early twentieth century. The sequence of these three moments illuminates the social and economic changes the slave-descendants experienced, and constitutes the material basis for the second part of the chapter. That part turns to the ideological and cultural origins of the construct of citizens of Tauapará by interrogating popular understandings of landownership, relationships with patriarchal landowners, and the imagined life of legal documents.

Keywords:   Citizenship, landownership, Brazil, Domingos Antônio Raiol, Cacau community, Vigia, black peasants in Amazonia

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