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Allegories of EncounterColonial Literacy and Indian Captivities$
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Andrew Newman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469643458

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643458.001.0001

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Captive Literacies in the Eastern Woodlands

Captive Literacies in the Eastern Woodlands

(p.75) Chapter Three Captive Literacies in the Eastern Woodlands
Allegories of Encounter

Andrew Newman

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter compares the captivity accounts of the Jesuit priest Isaac Jogues, in The Jesuit Relations and related sources from the 1640s, with the Puritan minister John Williams’s Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion (1707). Jogues used literacy to connect to his elite discourse community and to transcend the circumstances of his captivity among Mohawks, who spectacularly embodied scriptural antagonists; his eventual martyrdom entailed an identification with the types of his saintly predecessors, especially the Jesuit founder Ignatius de Loyola and Jesus Christ. Captured along with his neighbors in the 1704 raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts, Williams used the Bible as a line of communication with God; once he was delivered to Canada, he attempted to use literacy to sustain his captive, dispersed congregation.

Keywords:   captivity, Deerfield, Jesuits, Isaac Jogues, literacy, martyrdom, Mohawks, John Williams

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