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Crafting an Indigenous NationKiowa Expressive Culture in the Progressive Era$
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Jenny Tone-Pah-Hote

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469643663

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643663.001.0001

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(p.98) Conclusion
Crafting an Indigenous Nation

Jenny Tone-Pah-Hote

University of North Carolina Press

Kiowas communicated the importance of their identity though expressive culture in new arenas. Expressive culture provided sites to express what nationhood meant in the past as well as what it meant to be Kiowa during the twentieth century. Painters, bead workers, and others debated these ideas with one another though visual culture. They imbued dresses, dance clothes, and adornment with substantial meaning with regard to gender, family, intertribal and intratribal spheres.

Keywords:   gender, representation, adornment, Kiowa identities, American Indian identities

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