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Every Nation Has Its DishBlack Bodies and Black Food in Twentieth-Century America$
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Jennifer Jensen Wallach

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469645216

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645216.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Booker T. Washington’s Multifaceted Program for Food Reform at the Tuskegee Institute

Booker T. Washington’s Multifaceted Program for Food Reform at the Tuskegee Institute

Chapter:
(p.49) 2 Booker T. Washington’s Multifaceted Program for Food Reform at the Tuskegee Institute
Source:
Every Nation Has Its Dish
Author(s):

Jennifer Jensen Wallach

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645216.003.0003

This chapter gives a case study of Booker T. Washington’s turn of the twentieth-century attempts to transform the African American diet. He micromanaged the dining plan for students and teachers at the Tuskegee Institute, advocating for their right to consume beef and wheat, high-status food items that served as symbols of Americanization. Washington also encouraged the cultivation of performatively middle-class food practices both for the benefit of observers intent on gauging the status of black acculturation as well as for the private benefit of his students, whose bodies he hoped these foods would benefit. Washington drew inspiration from white domestic scientists and the latest nutritional information of his day, but he subsumed the importance of following conventional dietary wisdom to the importance of black self-sufficiency.

Keywords:   Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee Institute, George Washington Carver, Beef, Wheat, Margaret Murray Washington, Domestic science, Dining etiquette, Edward Atkinson

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