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The Lumbee IndiansAn American Struggle$
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Malinda Maynor Lowery

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469646374

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646374.001.0001

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Disposed to Fight to Their Death

Disposed to Fight to Their Death


(p.42) Chapter Two Disposed to Fight to Their Death
The Lumbee Indians

Malinda Maynor Lowery

University of North Carolina Press

When the American Revolution came to Lumbee communities, Lumbees fought for their own independence in their homes within the pines and lowlands. Indians in the Settlement—a place of twelve or fifteen square miles where Lumbee founding families lived—had their own distinct community and struggled to maintain possession of it. Two fundamental issues in the American Revolution affected Indians and Highland Scots who had settled in Indian territory: who would own the land they lived on and who would govern it. In 1775, every family had to decide whether to side with the Patriots (Whig) or Loyalists (Tory). Drowning Creek Indians remained divided on which side better served their interests. Some Lumbees acted not as allies of the British or Patriots but on their own behalf. By 1800, the Lumbees’ Settlement was known by outsiders as Scuffletown. Scuffletown residents fervently cooperated with one another, especially in church and family matters, while fiercely competing with one another to make a living and assert a political voice. Protestant Christianity and church organizations expanded rapidly through rural America, and in Scuffletown, Methodists actively recruited Indian and free black believers. As a result, Christianity became a crucial aspect of Lumbee life.

Keywords:   American Revolution, Drowning Creek, Highland Scots, Patriots, Loyalists, Whig, Tory, The Settlement, Scuffletown, Christianity

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