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This War Ain't OverFighting the Civil War in New Deal America$
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Nina Silber

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469646541

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646541.001.0001

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Look Away! Dixie’s Landed!

Look Away! Dixie’s Landed!

(p.123) 5 Look Away! Dixie’s Landed!
This War Ain't Over

Nina Silber

University of North Carolina Press

The pro-Confederate Lost Cause memory of the Civil War continued to have considerable staying power during the 1930s, seen most notably in the popularity of the book and film versions of Gone With the Wind. At the same time, the Lost Cause was adapted to fit the sensibilities of this era. Many white Americans, for example, were drawn to the suffering of Civil War era white southerners in light of the economic trials of the 30s. Conservatives also doubled-down on the Lost Cause narrative as they pushed back against aspects of the New Deal agenda, as well as a reawakened civil rights movement and anti-lynching campaign. Finally, conservatives adapted the Lost Cause story to target Northern radicals and communists as the same kind of agitators who punished white southerners during Reconstruction. Black activists and communists tried to expose the racist and unpatriotic underpinnings of the Lost Cause but often fell short.

Keywords:   Lost Cause, Gone With the Wind, Margaret Mitchell, United Daughters of the Confederacy, Franklin Roosevelt, Antilynching legislation, Communists, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, fascism

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