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Political EducationBlack Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s$
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Elizabeth Todd-Breland

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469646589

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.001.0001

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The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm

The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm

(p.19) 1 The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm
Political Education

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter analyzes the history of desegregation strategies pursued in Chicago and the processes by which those strategies fell out of favor. The chapter situates these developments within the broader national context of the Brown v. Board of Education decision and national Civil Rights organizing, while also detailing the work of local organizers like Rosie Simpson. The chapter examines desegregation demonstrations, mass protests, opposition to busing, and citywide committees launched during the 1950s and 1960s by the Coordinating Council of Community Organizations, the Chicago Urban League, and local neighborhood groups. Even during this period of intensive organizing for school desegregation, the slow pace of desegregation and lack of commitment by city officials sowed seeds of ambivalence toward desegregation strategies. Disillusioned with the progress of integration, many Black students, parents, educators, and community groups began advocating for alternatives to desegregation, including community control of schools.

Keywords:   desegregation, integration, Urban League, civil rights, busing, Brown v. Board of Education, Rosie Simpson, community control, Coordinating Council of Community Organizations

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