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Jim Crow CapitalWomen and Black Freedom Struggles in Washington, D.C., 1920-1945$
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Mary-Elizabeth B. Murphy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469646725

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646725.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Washington Needs the Vote

Washington Needs the Vote

Women’s Campaigns for Civil Rights in the 1930s

(p.140) Chapter Five Washington Needs the Vote
Jim Crow Capital

Mary-Elizabeth B. Murphy

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores how, during the 1930s, black women waged an early civil rights movement in the nation’s capital. Inspired by the militancy of the Great Depression and influenced by on-going campaigns for safety and economic justice, activists protested racial segregation, lobbied for the passage of a civil rights bill, and pressed for the restoration of voting rights to all eligible residents of Washington, D.C., culminating in a referendum election in 1938. While African Americans waged similar types of movements around the country, activists in Washington, D.C. benefited from their close proximity to the federal government. As memories of the Civil War and Reconstruction surfaced in the 1930s, activists applied the lessons from these eras directly into their political campaigns as they worked to restore the freedoms that their ancestors had once enjoyed in Washington, D.C.

Keywords:   voting rights in Washington, D.C, racial segregation, memory, civil rights bill, Civil Rights Bill in Washington, D.C

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