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Gone HomeRace and Roots through Appalachia$
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Karida L. Brown

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469647036

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469647036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

The Great Migration Escape

The Great Migration Escape

Chapter:
(p.27) (p.28) (p.29) 2 The Great Migration Escape
Source:
Gone Home
Author(s):

Karida L. Brown

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469647036.003.0003

This chapter provides an account of the first wave of African American migration into the Appalachian region of eastern Kentucky. It addresses the implementation of Black Codes, also known as Jim Crow laws, the convict leasing system, and how psychological and physical terror in the form of public lynchings helped maintain the social order of white supremacy. Brown attends to the role of the labor agent as a grey-market actor in facilitating the onset of the first wave of the African American Great Migration. Drawing on the oral history and archival data, the chapter distils a profile of the legendary figure, Limehouse, the white labor agent hired by United States Steel Corporation to sneak and transport black men and their families out of Alabama to Harlan County, Kentucky to work in the coalmines. The chapter also focuses on the psychosocial dimensions of this silent mass migration, specifically the spiritual strivings, the hopes, dreams, and disappointments that accompanied the Great Migration.

Keywords:   Black Codes, Jim Crow, lynching, white supremacy, Limehouse, United States Steel Corporation, Harlan County

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