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Raising the White FlagHow Surrender Defined the American Civil War$
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David Silkenat

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469649726

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649726.001.0001

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To the Last Man

To the Last Man

Surrender and the Hard War

(p.168) 6 To the Last Man
Raising the White Flag

David Silkenat

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines how the collapse of the Dix-Hill prisoner exchange cartel led to the "hard war" of 1864. Without prisoner exchange, prisons like Andersonville became overcrowded, and soldiers increasingly refused to surrender. The chapter also examines the experience of guerrillas, African Americans, and Southern Unionists in 1864.

Keywords:   hard war, Dix-Hill, prisoner exchange, Andersonville, guerrillas, Southern Unionist, United State Colored Troops, Battle of the Crater, Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Plymouth Massacre

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