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In a Pure Muslim LandShi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East$
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Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469649795

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.001.0001

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Khomeini’s Perplexed Pakistani Men

Khomeini’s Perplexed Pakistani Men

Importing and Debating the Iranian Revolution Since 1979

Chapter:
(p.119) Chapter Four Khomeini’s Perplexed Pakistani Men
Source:
In a Pure Muslim Land
Author(s):

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0005

This chapter argues that during the early months and years after the Iranian Revolution, Pakistani Shi‘i ‘ulama remained primarily occupied with domestic events. Even ardent supporters of Khomeini were not sure what his authority should mean for them outside of Iran. Additionally, Pakistan’s Shi‘is at that time were engaged in their own political mobilization against the military dictator Zia ul-Haq (d. 1988). A second step in the reception can be discerned with the rise of the young cleric Sayyid ‘Arif Husayn al-Husayni (d. 1988) to the helm of Pakistan’s most influential Shi‘i organization at the time, the Movement for the Implementation of Ja‘fari Law (TNFJ), in 1984. Husayni clearly and consistently drew on the hallmark themes of the Iranian Revolution. In doing so, however, he was often forced to bend aspects of the revolutionary message, like Muslim unity or the leadership of the clerics (vilayat-i faqih), to his Pakistani context. The chapter also pays attention to the unprecedented embrace of Iranian ideas that is anchored in contemporary Lahore.

Keywords:   Iranian Revolution, Zia ul-Haq, Sayyid ‘Arif Husayn al-Husayni, Movement for the Implementation of Ja‘fari Law (TNFJ), Muslim unity, Khomeini, vilayat-i faqih, Lahore

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